Hello, everyone.  So this is my first post of 2013.  How was everyone's holidays?  Our holiday break was fantastic but I'm back at it, applying to freelance jobs and starting back on my blog.  Once again, I was thrilled when I had reached over 1000 views in less than a year.  It's always a great boost when a goal, no matter how small, is reached.

As my last post said, today I will be covering the proper spelling of several well known common (count) nouns in plural form.  As covered in the last lesson, count nouns can always be made plural.

  • To form a plural add -s:
    • cat/cats
    • dog/dogs
    • flower/flowers
  • For nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch, or -x, add -es.
    • peach/peaches
    • ax/axes
    • flash/flashes
  • Nouns that end in -y and is preceded by a consonant, change the -y to -i  and add -es.
    • cry/cries
    • berry/berries
    • caddy/caddies
  • If the -y at the end of a noun is preceded by a vowel, simply add -s.
    • toy/toys
    • bay/bays
    • play/plays
  • Most nouns that end in -f or -fe, change it to a -v and add -s or -es.
    • knife/knives
    • leaf/leaves
    • scarf/scarves
  • Certain nouns that end in -f or -fe only add -s.
    • roof/roofs
    • belief/beliefs
    • chief/chiefs
  • A noun ending in -o and is preceded by another vowel, add -s.
    • radio/radios
    • solo/solos
    • piano/pianos (it's an exception to the rule)
  • If the -o is preceded by a consonant, add -es.
    • hero/heroes
    • tomato/tomatoes
  • Although the exception to the above rule is that some nouns can become plural with both -s and -es.
    • cargo/cargos/cargoes
    • zero/zeros/zeroes
    • mosquito/mosquitos/mosquitoes
  • For a compound noun (two nouns that have been joined together), add -s or -es to the last word.
    • doghouse/doghouses
    • checkbook/checkbooks
    • housekeeper/housekeepers
  • For a noun that has an attached modifier, add -s or -es to the first noun.
    • passer-by/passers-by
    • editor-in-chief/editors-in-chief
    • father-in-law/fathers-in-law
  • Some nouns when made plural are formed irregularly.
    • tooth/teeth
    • man/men
    • foot/feet
  • And lastly, some nouns are the same plural as they are singular.
    • sheep
    • deer
    • rice
If you are ever in doubt on how to spell the plural form of a noun, a dictionary will always have the plural spelling of a noun.

The next topic that will be covered will be the functions of nouns in sentences.  Thank you for reading and have a fantastic weekend.

If anyone would like a topic covered in the future or have any questions feel free to leave a comment or contact me directly.  Also, if I make any mistakes, please point them out, I'm still learning too and welcome any kind of pointers, corrections and criticisms.

© 2012 S. Stevens

Lutz, Gary and Diane Stevenson. Writer's Digest Grammar Desk Reference. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books, 2010. Print.