Good Morning, everyone.  I've got a busy schedule today and a new freelance job to get started on.  I'm really excited about it and I am already brain storming.  I had planned on a longer post today stemming from a brainstorming session at 3am last Sunday, but that will have to wait.  Now on to the remainder of the functions of nouns in a sentence.

Subjective complements
A subjective complement is a noun that completes a meaning.  It is also referred to as a predicate nominative and it is always necessary in a certain construction.  For example:

Cindy is funny.

The complement is the word funny, without it the sentence would make no sense.  It's a pretty straight forward explanation.

Direct Objects

A direct object is a noun that receives the action of the verb.  For example:

Maggie failed the test.

The test is the direct object and it received the action of being failed.  The sentence would not make sense without describing what Maggie had failed.

Indirect Objects

Nouns as indirect objects appear in sentences with direct objects.  Indirect objects show for whom or for what the action was undertaken.  It often come before a direct object in a sentence.

Mom gave the dog our leftover vegetables.

In the above sentence the dog is the indirect object.  Can you identify the direct object?

Objective Complements

Like subjective complements, they add to the meaning of a noun.  In this case, the noun is used as an object rather than as a subject.

The mechanic considered the car a lemon.

Above the car is the direct object and calling it a lemon, the objective complement, renames it.

Objects of Prepositions

A noun can be an object of a preposition.  In other words, in a phrase beginning with a preposition and ending with a noun.  Common prepositions indicate location: of, on, to, in, near, below, and across.

in the right mood

Mood is the noun object.


The next topic that will be covered will be verbs.  Thank you for reading and have a fantastic weekend.

If anyone would like a topic covered in the future or have any questions feel free to leave a comment or contact me directly.  Also, if I make any mistakes, please point them out, I'm still learning too and welcome any kind of pointers, corrections and criticisms.

© 2012 S. Stevens

References
Lutz, Gary and Diane Stevenson. Writer's Digest Grammar Desk Reference. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books, 2010. Print.