Good Morning.  To let everyone know, my weekly posts will no longer contain any of my weekly news updates, projects, lessons learned, etc..  If that is the part of the blog that you especially enjoy reading, please feel free to contact me using my contact page above and subscribe to my monthly newsletter, which will be coming out the first friday of every month.  Just be sure to specify in your message that you would like to be on the monthly newsletter subscription list.  If you do not receive the newsletter on the day it comes out, check your junk folder, as it may end up in there.  Also, don't worry I will not share your email with anyone.  It will be kept strictly confidential.

Now, as promised, today I will be finishing up explaining the introductory elements.

Commas After Introductory Elements Continued

6. Introductory appositives are used to provide information about another noun.  Provided that the appositive is nonrestrictive, in other words it provides only disposable information.

    An avid skier, she skied every day the hill was open.

7. Introductory absolute constructions are always followed by a comma.  An absolute construction consists if a noun or a pronoun, and a participial phrase.

    With her hair in her mouth, she watched the teacher write the notes on the board.

8. Introductory adverbial dependant clauses are followed by a comma, and are usually at the start of a complex or compound-complex sentence.

    Even though the man wore bright clothes and had a light on his bike, the cars passing by could barely see him.

Note:  Remember that adverbial dependant clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions (because, although, when, even though, since, until, etc.)

And that wraps up the introductory elements.  Next week, I will be covering commas setting off sentence-ending participial phrases.  Have a fantastic weekend and I'll see you all next friday.

If anyone would like a topic covered in the future or have any questions feel free to contact me using the form on the contact page.  Also, if I make any mistakes, please point them out, I'm still learning too and welcome any kind of pointers, corrections and criticisms.

© 2013 S. Stevens

Lutz, Gary and Diane Stevenson. Writer's Digest Grammar Desk Reference. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Books, 2010. Print.